During Inter-Wars period the fascist Italy of Benito Mussolini was interested on the future of European nationalist movements. Having as an objective to obtain allies for it foreign policy Italian fascism tried to translate it ideology into some Mediterranean territories. That foreign policy had as an objective to control Occidental Mediterranean, and one of that ideological exportation of fascism was made at autonomous Catalonia during 1931-1939. Inside the Spanish Democratic Republic, the autonomous Catalonia had some straight nationalist movements. Some of them tried to find Italian help to get a way out at their national conflict. In spite of that, Italian diplomacy did not decide to collaborate with the Catalan nationalist aspirations.
Gonzàlez i Vilalta, Arnau
"The Catalan Nationalist Option: Italian Fascist Intrigues in Barcelona (1931-1943),"
Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies: Vol. 36
, Article 3.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.asphs.net/bsphs/vol36/iss1/3